Sonoff relay using MySensors ESP8266 wifi or mqtt gateway

created by Efflon , updated

This is and adaption of the MySensors ESP8266 Wifi and mqtt gateway example to work work with a Sonoff wifi relay. I have also included a small Home Assistant configuration example for ethernet and mqtt.

Tested with 220V, but as usual, everything is your responsibility.

At start up the LED will blink twice once the presentation is done and then start in the off state. The button will toggle on off and send the state back to the gateway. The gateway can also send state to the Sonoff.

Both sketches depends on Bounce2 (2.2.0) from the arduino IDE library manager (not MySensors example lib)

Sonoff specific details (IM15116002)

The sonoff header left to right, relay above, LED below.
 *  [1]  vcc 3v3
 *   2   rx
 *   3   tx
 *   4   gnd
 *   5

In arduinoIDE > 1.6.* choose Generic ESP8226 module. Hold Sonoff button when attaching FTDI to flash.

Ethernet:

/**
 * The MySensors Arduino library handles the wireless radio link and protocol
 * between your home built sensors/actuators and HA controller of choice.
 * The sensors forms a self healing radio network with optional repeaters. Each
 * repeater and gateway builds a routing tables in EEPROM which keeps track of the
 * network topology allowing messages to be routed to nodes.
 *
 * Created by Henrik Ekblad <[email protected]>
 * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Sensnology AB
 * Full contributor list: https://github.com/mysensors/Arduino/graphs/contributors
 *
 * Documentation: http://www.mysensors.org
 * Support Forum: http://forum.mysensors.org
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 *******************************
 *
 * REVISION HISTORY
 * Version 1.0 - Henrik EKblad
 * Contribution by a-lurker and Anticimex,
 * Contribution by Norbert Truchsess <[email protected]>
 * Contribution by Ivo Pullens (ESP8266 support)
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 * The EthernetGateway sends data received from sensors to the WiFi link.
 * The gateway also accepts input on ethernet interface, which is then sent out to the radio network.
 *
 * VERA CONFIGURATION:
 * Enter "ip-number:port" in the ip-field of the Arduino GW device. This will temporarily override any serial configuration for the Vera plugin.
 * E.g. If you want to use the defualt values in this sketch enter: 192.168.178.66:5003
 *
 * LED purposes:
 * - To use the feature, uncomment any of the MY_DEFAULT_xx_LED_PINs in your sketch, only the LEDs that is defined is used.
 * - RX (green) - blink fast on radio message recieved. In inclusion mode will blink fast only on presentation recieved
 * - TX (yellow) - blink fast on radio message transmitted. In inclusion mode will blink slowly
 * - ERR (red) - fast blink on error during transmission error or recieve crc error
 *
 * See http://www.mysensors.org/build/esp8266_gateway for wiring instructions.
 * nRF24L01+  ESP8266
 * VCC        VCC
 * CE         GPIO4
 * CSN/CS     GPIO15
 * SCK        GPIO14
 * MISO       GPIO12
 * MOSI       GPIO13
 * GND        GND
 *
 * Not all ESP8266 modules have all pins available on their external interface.
 * This code has been tested on an ESP-12 module.
 * The ESP8266 requires a certain pin configuration to download code, and another one to run code:
 * - Connect REST (reset) via 10K pullup resistor to VCC, and via switch to GND ('reset switch')
 * - Connect GPIO15 via 10K pulldown resistor to GND
 * - Connect CH_PD via 10K resistor to VCC
 * - Connect GPIO2 via 10K resistor to VCC
 * - Connect GPIO0 via 10K resistor to VCC, and via switch to GND ('bootload switch')
 *
  * Inclusion mode button:
 * - Connect GPIO5 via switch to GND ('inclusion switch')
 *
 * Hardware SHA204 signing is currently not supported!
 *
 * Make sure to fill in your ssid and WiFi password below for ssid & pass.
 */

/**
 * Sonoff specific details (IM15116002)
 * 
 * The sonoff header left to right, relay above, LED below.
 *  [1]  vcc 3v3
 *   2   rx
 *   3   tx
 *   4   gnd
 *   5   
 *   
 * In arduinoIDE 1.6.* choose Generic ESP8226 module.
 * Hold Sonoff button when attaching FTDI to flash.
 */

// Enable debug prints to serial monitor
#define MY_DEBUG

// Use a bit lower baudrate for serial prints on ESP8266 than default in MyConfig.h
#define MY_BAUD_RATE 9600

// No radio in Sonoff
// Enables and select radio type (if attached)
// #define MY_RADIO_NRF24
// #define MY_RADIO_RFM69

#define MY_GATEWAY_ESP8266

#define MY_ESP8266_SSID "MySSID"
#define MY_ESP8266_PASSWORD "MyVerySecretPassword"

// Enable UDP communication
//#define MY_USE_UDP

// Set the hostname for the WiFi Client. This is the hostname
// it will pass to the DHCP server if not static.
// #define MY_ESP8266_HOSTNAME "sensor-gateway"

// Enable MY_IP_ADDRESS here if you want a static ip address (no DHCP)
#define MY_IP_ADDRESS 192,168,178,87

// If using static ip you need to define Gateway and Subnet address as well
#define MY_IP_GATEWAY_ADDRESS 192,168,178,1
#define MY_IP_SUBNET_ADDRESS 255,255,255,0

// The port to keep open on node server mode
#define MY_PORT 5003

// How many clients should be able to connect to this gateway (default 1)
#define MY_GATEWAY_MAX_CLIENTS 1

// Controller ip address. Enables client mode (default is "server" mode).
// Also enable this if MY_USE_UDP is used and you want sensor data sent somewhere.
// #define MY_CONTROLLER_IP_ADDRESS 192, 168, 178, 68

/*
// Enable inclusion mode
#define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_FEATURE

// Enable Inclusion mode button on gateway
// #define MY_INCLUSION_BUTTON_FEATURE
// Set inclusion mode duration (in seconds)
#define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_DURATION 60
// Digital pin used for inclusion mode button
#define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_BUTTON_PIN  3


// Set blinking period
// #define MY_DEFAULT_LED_BLINK_PERIOD 300

// Flash leds on rx/tx/err
// Led pins used if blinking feature is enabled above
#define MY_DEFAULT_ERR_LED_PIN 16  // Error led pin
#define MY_DEFAULT_RX_LED_PIN  16  // Receive led pin
#define MY_DEFAULT_TX_LED_PIN  16  // the PCB, on board LED
*/

#if defined(MY_USE_UDP)
#include <WiFiUdp.h>
#endif

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <MySensors.h>
#include <Bounce2.h>

#define BUTTON_PIN 0  // Sonoff pin number for button
#define RELAY_PIN 12  // Sonoff pin number for relay 
#define LED_PIN 13    // Sonoff pin number for LED
#define RELAY_ON 1
#define RELAY_OFF 0
#define LED_ON 0
#define LED_OFF 1

// Id of the sensor child
// Set unique id for each sonoff if sub/pub on same mqtt topic
#define CHILD_ID 0

Bounce debouncer = Bounce(); 
int oldValue = 0;
bool state = false;

MyMessage msg(CHILD_ID,V_STATUS);

void setup()  
{  
  // Setup the button
  pinMode(BUTTON_PIN, INPUT_PULLUP);

  // After setting up the button, setup debouncer
  debouncer.attach(BUTTON_PIN);
  debouncer.interval(5);

  // Make sure relays and LED are off when starting up
  digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, RELAY_OFF);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, LED_OFF);

  // Then set relay pins in output mode
  pinMode(RELAY_PIN, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(LED_PIN, OUTPUT);   
}

void presentation()  {
  // Send the sketch version information
  sendSketchInfo("Sonoff ethernet", "1.0");
  // Register sensor
  present(CHILD_ID, S_BINARY);
  // Send the current state
  send(msg.set(state?true:false));
  // Blink when ready
  blink();
}


void loop()
{
  debouncer.update();
  // Get the update value
  int value = debouncer.read();
  if (value != oldValue && value==0) {
    // Toggle the state
    state = state?false:true;
    // Change relay state
    digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, state?RELAY_ON:RELAY_OFF);
    // Change LED state
    digitalWrite(LED_PIN, state?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
    // Send new state
    send(msg.set(state)); 
  }
  oldValue = value;
}

void receive(const MyMessage &message)
{
  // We only react on status messages from the controller
  // to this CHILD_ID.
  if (message.type==V_STATUS  && message.sensor==CHILD_ID) {
    // Change relay state
    // Only switch if the state is new
    if (message.getBool() != state) {
      state = message.getBool();
      // Change relay state
      digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, state?RELAY_ON:RELAY_OFF);
      // Change LED state
      digitalWrite(LED_PIN, state?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
       // Send the current state
      send(msg.set(state));  
    }
  }
}

void blink()
{
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
  wait(200);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
  wait(200);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
  wait(200);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
}

Mqtt: If you have multiple Sonoff's they can all use the same mqtt topic as long as they don't have the same child id.

/**
 * The MySensors Arduino library handles the wireless radio link and protocol
 * between your home built sensors/actuators and HA controller of choice.
 * The sensors forms a self healing radio network with optional repeaters. Each
 * repeater and gateway builds a routing tables in EEPROM which keeps track of the
 * network topology allowing messages to be routed to nodes.
 *
 * Created by Henrik Ekblad <[email protected]>
 * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Sensnology AB
 * Full contributor list: https://github.com/mysensors/Arduino/graphs/contributors
 *
 * Documentation: http://www.mysensors.org
 * Support Forum: http://forum.mysensors.org
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 *******************************
 *
 * REVISION HISTORY
 * Version 1.0 - Henrik Ekblad
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 * The ESP8266 MQTT gateway sends radio network (or locally attached sensors) data to your MQTT broker.
 * The node also listens to MY_MQTT_TOPIC_PREFIX and sends out those messages to the radio network
 *
 * LED purposes:
 * - To use the feature, uncomment any of the MY_DEFAULT_xx_LED_PINs in your sketch
 * - RX (green) - blink fast on radio message recieved. In inclusion mode will blink fast only on presentation recieved
 * - TX (yellow) - blink fast on radio message transmitted. In inclusion mode will blink slowly
 * - ERR (red) - fast blink on error during transmission error or recieve crc error
 *
 * See http://www.mysensors.org/build/esp8266_gateway for wiring instructions.
 * nRF24L01+  ESP8266
 * VCC        VCC
 * CE         GPIO4
 * CSN/CS     GPIO15
 * SCK        GPIO14
 * MISO       GPIO12
 * MOSI       GPIO13
 *
 * Not all ESP8266 modules have all pins available on their external interface.
 * This code has been tested on an ESP-12 module.
 * The ESP8266 requires a certain pin configuration to download code, and another one to run code:
 * - Connect REST (reset) via 10K pullup resistor to VCC, and via switch to GND ('reset switch')
 * - Connect GPIO15 via 10K pulldown resistor to GND
 * - Connect CH_PD via 10K resistor to VCC
 * - Connect GPIO2 via 10K resistor to VCC
 * - Connect GPIO0 via 10K resistor to VCC, and via switch to GND ('bootload switch')
 *
  * Inclusion mode button:
 * - Connect GPIO5 via switch to GND ('inclusion switch')
 *
 * Hardware SHA204 signing is currently not supported!
 *
 * Make sure to fill in your ssid and WiFi password below for ssid & pass.
 */

/**
 * Sonoff specific details (IM15116002)
 * 
 * The sonoff header left to right, relay above, LED below.
 *  [1]  vcc 3v3
 *   2   rx
 *   3   tx
 *   4   gnd
 *   5   
 *   
 * In arduinoIDE 1.6.* choose Generic ESP8226 module.
 * Hold Sonoff button when attaching FTDI to flash.
 */


// Enable debug prints to serial monitor
#define MY_DEBUG

// Use a bit lower baudrate for serial prints on ESP8266 than default in MyConfig.h
#define MY_BAUD_RATE 9600

// No radio in Sonoff
// Enables and select radio type (if attached)
//#define MY_RADIO_NRF24
//#define MY_RADIO_RFM69

#define MY_GATEWAY_MQTT_CLIENT
#define MY_GATEWAY_ESP8266

// Set this node's subscribe and publish topic prefix
#define MY_MQTT_PUBLISH_TOPIC_PREFIX "sonoff-out"
#define MY_MQTT_SUBSCRIBE_TOPIC_PREFIX "sonoff-in"

// Set MQTT client id
#define MY_MQTT_CLIENT_ID "mysensors-sonoff-1"

// Enable these if your MQTT broker requires usenrame/password
//#define MY_MQTT_USER "username"
//#define MY_MQTT_PASSWORD "password"

// Set WIFI SSID and password
#define MY_ESP8266_SSID "SSiD"
#define MY_ESP8266_PASSWORD "password"

// Set the hostname for the WiFi Client. This is the hostname
// it will pass to the DHCP server if not static.
#define MY_ESP8266_HOSTNAME "mqtt-sensor-gateway-sonoff-1"

// Enable MY_IP_ADDRESS here if you want a static ip address (no DHCP)
//#define MY_IP_ADDRESS 192,168,178,87

// If using static ip you need to define Gateway and Subnet address as well
#define MY_IP_GATEWAY_ADDRESS 192,168,0,1
#define MY_IP_SUBNET_ADDRESS 255,255,255,0


// MQTT broker ip address.
#define MY_CONTROLLER_IP_ADDRESS 192, 168, 0, 100

// The MQTT broker port to to open
#define MY_PORT 1883

// Not tested for Sonoff
/*
// Enable inclusion mode
#define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_FEATURE
// Enable Inclusion mode button on gateway
#define MY_INCLUSION_BUTTON_FEATURE
// Set inclusion mode duration (in seconds)
#define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_DURATION 60
// Digital pin used for inclusion mode button
#define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_BUTTON_PIN  3

// Set blinking period
#define MY_DEFAULT_LED_BLINK_PERIOD 300

// Flash leds on rx/tx/err
#define MY_DEFAULT_ERR_LED_PIN 16  // Error led pin
#define MY_DEFAULT_RX_LED_PIN  16  // Receive led pin
#define MY_DEFAULT_TX_LED_PIN  16  // the PCB, on board LED
*/

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <MySensors.h>
#include <Bounce2.h>

#define BUTTON_PIN 0  // Sonoff pin number for button
#define RELAY_PIN 12  // Sonoff pin number for relay 
#define LED_PIN 13    // Sonoff pin number for LED
#define RELAY_ON 1
#define RELAY_OFF 0
#define LED_ON 0
#define LED_OFF 1

// Id of the sensor child
// Set unique id for each sonoff if sub/pub on same mqtt topic
#define CHILD_ID 0

Bounce debouncer = Bounce(); 
int oldValue = 0;
bool state = false;

MyMessage msg(CHILD_ID,V_STATUS);

void setup()  
{  
  // Setup the button
  pinMode(BUTTON_PIN, INPUT_PULLUP);

  // After setting up the button, setup debouncer
  debouncer.attach(BUTTON_PIN);
  debouncer.interval(5);

  // Make sure relays and LED are off when starting up
  digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, RELAY_OFF);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, LED_OFF);

  // Then set relay pins in output mode
  pinMode(RELAY_PIN, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(LED_PIN, OUTPUT);   
}

void presentation()  {
  // Send the sketch version information
  sendSketchInfo("Sonoff", "1.0");
  // Register sensor
  present(CHILD_ID, S_BINARY);
  // Send the current state
  send(msg.set(state?true:false));
  // Blink when ready
  blink();
}


void loop()
{
  debouncer.update();
  // Get the update value
  int value = debouncer.read();
  if (value != oldValue && value==0) {
    // Toggle the state
    state = state?false:true;
    // Change relay state
    digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, state?RELAY_ON:RELAY_OFF);
    // Change LED state
    digitalWrite(LED_PIN, state?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
    // Send new state
    send(msg.set(state)); 
  }
  oldValue = value;
}

void receive(const MyMessage &message)
{
  // We only react on status messages from the controller
  // to this CHILD_ID.
  if (message.type==V_STATUS  && message.sensor==CHILD_ID) {
    // Change relay state
    // Only switch if the state is new
    if (message.getBool() != state) {
      state = message.getBool();
      // Change relay state
      digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, state?RELAY_ON:RELAY_OFF);
      // Change LED state
      digitalWrite(LED_PIN, state?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
       // Send the current state
      send(msg.set(state));  
    }
  }
}

void blink()
{
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
  wait(200);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
  wait(200);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
  wait(200);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, digitalRead(LED_PIN)?LED_ON:LED_OFF);
}

The HASS config is not much. Using the persistence file will make HASS restore the desired state if the Sonoff loses power etc.

mysensors:
  gateways:
    # For ethernet
    - device: '192.168.178.87'
      persistence_file: '/home/homeassistant/.homeassistant/sonoff-ethernet1.json'
      tcp_port: 5003
   # For mqtt 
   - device: mqtt
      persistence_file: '/home/homeassistant/.homeassistant/sonoff.json'
      topic_in_prefix: 'sonoff-out'
      topic_out_prefix: 'sonoff-in'
  debug: false
  optimistic: false
  persistence: true
  retain: true
  version: 2.0

Images

Bill of Material

QtyValueDevicePackagePartsDescriptionMFMPNAliexpress or Ebay link
1$6ITEADIM15116002ITead: https://www.itead.cc/sonoff-wifi-wireless-switch.html

Gateways

Sensors & Actuators

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